University of California, San Francisco.
Legacy Tobacco Documents Library.
About the Collections
   
   
   
   
Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) Collections  
 

Internal documents from the major US tobacco industry companies and organizations comprise the bulk of the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library. These documents were made available through litigation brought by the National Association of Attorneys General (NAAG) that resulted in the Master Settlement Agreement (1998). For more information on the Master Settlement Agreement, please access the UCSF Tobacco Control Archives Litigation section as well as the excellent analysis of the MSA from the Tobacco Control Resource Center entitled Multistate Master Settlement Agreement.

As a result of the MSA, the following collections will continue to be updated as documents become available through the industry web sites:

American Tobacco
Brown & Williamson
Council for Tobacco Research (CTR)
Lorillard
Philip Morris
RJ Reynolds
Tobacco Institute

 
British American Tobacco Company (BAT)   Back to Top
 
The British American Tobacco (BAT) collection contains close to 7 million pages of internal corporate documents related to British American Tobacco Company (BATCo) and its parent, BAT Industries PLC.

  • For further information, please access the BAT Collection page.

  • Formerly maintained in a separate digital library, the British American Tobacco Documents Archive, the BAT collection was integrated into the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library in July 2008.
 
Bliley   Back to Top
 
The Bliley collection is a special collection comprised of documents that defendants in State of Minnesota v. Philip Morris, et al, claimed were privileged or otherwise protected from disclosure. A Special Master appointed by the Court determined that the documents were not privileged or were subject to the crime fraud exception to attorney-client privilege; the Court subsequently adopted those findings and ruled that the documents be produced. While the companies disputed that ruling in court, Congressman Thomas Bliley, the Chairman of the House Commerce Committee, subpoenaed the documents in question and soon after receipt posted them on the Commerce Committee web site. A concise history of this collection appears in a ruling by the U.S. District Court, District of Columbia (212 FRD 421 DDC 2002).

  • Access all Bliley documents.
    (For ease of searching, the Bliley documents have been integrated into the industry collections from which they originated)

  • The Tobacco Products Liability Project Research Collection contains Bliley documents which have added indexing that focuses on underlying legal context.

  • See Finding Special Collections on the Search Tips & Tricks page for more information on Special Collections.

  • The Bliley collection was added in July 2005 and updated in 2009.
 
California Tobacco Control   Back to Top
 
The California Tobacco Control collection contains materials highlighting recent tobacco control efforts in California such as tobacco tax measures, smoke free environments, cessation programs, education and outreach.
 
Canadian Tobacco Trials   Back to Top
 
The Canadian Tobacco Trials collection consists of court records (transcripts, depositions, exhibits) from two major national Canadian trials - the 1989 Tobacco Products Control Act (TPCA) Trial and the 1997 Tobacco Act Trial.

Canada's first serious attempt to regulate tobacco marketing and the tobacco industry began with the passage of the TPCA in 1988. Recognizing the threat that this legislation posed to tobacco marketing, the industry challenged the legislation later that year. The Supreme Court of Canada overturned the TPCA by a narrow margin of 5 - 4 in 1995. The federal government responded to the Supreme Court by introducing Bill C-71, the Tobacco Act in 1996. The bill was designed to reduce tobacco consumption by: introducing significant restrictions on tobacco advertising; banning tobacco sponsorship of certain events; giving the federal government the authority to regulate tobacco products and packaging; and banning sales of tobacco to minors. The legislation passed in 1997. Soon afterwards, Canada's major tobacco companies filed constitutional challenges to the Tobacco Act. In 2007, Canada's Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the law by a vote of 9 - 0 decision.

Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada compiled these documents into one collection.
  • The Canadian Tobacco Trials collection was added in April 2010.
 
Gallaher   Back to Top
 
From 2005 until 2008, Gallaher, a UK-based tobacco company which was later bought by Japan Tobacco International (JTI), spent three years in a bitter legal battle against its former Middle Eastern distributor. More than 20,000 internal documents were disclosed in the course of the litigation between Gallaher and the Cypriot company, Tlais Enterprises. This collection is a subset of those documents. During the trial, Gallaher was accused of "complicity in facilitating worldwide smuggling, sanction-busting in Iraq, and the dumping of sub-standard cigarettes in Africa and Afghanistan," according to the British press.

 
Liggett & Myers   Back to Top
 
In 1997, Liggett & Myers, the smallest of the five major tobacco companies, became the first to settle lawsuits in 22 states and to help state prosecutors litigate against the nation's biggest cigarette manufacturers by providing evidence of industry strategies and tactics. Because of their early compliance with prosecutors, L&M was not included in the Master Settlement Agreement stipulation for creation of company document web sites, meaning these documents exist nowhere else in electronic format.

  • The Liggett & Myers collection was added in July 2007.
 
Mangini ("Joe Camel")   Back to Top
 
This collection consists of internal documents from the RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company, produced as part of the discovery process in the 1994 civil case Mangini v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. A majority of the documents span the period 1970s - 1990s, when RJ Reynolds Tobacco developed the Joe Camel advertising campaign in an attempt to maintain market share.

 
MN Select   Back to Top
 
The special collections designated as "MN Select" and "Minnesota Selected" are an important subset of documents that the Minnesota plaintiffs carefully selected from defendants' production in State of Minnesota, et al. v. Philip Morris, et al. These documents formed the foundation of the initial litigation and many of the cases that followed MN used this subset.

 
Multimedia Collection   Back to Top
 
The Multimedia Collection includes information about more than 7,500 tobacco industry video and audio tapes related to advertising, manufacturing, marketing, sales, and scientific research of tobacco products as well as materials gathered and produced by tobacco control advocates.

  • Many of the acquired videos are available for immediate viewing at the Internet Archive. For more information, please access the Multimedia Collection page.


  • The Multimedia Collection was added in June 2006 and will be continuously updated as more resources become available.
 
Pollay Advertising Collection   Back to Top
 
Richard W. Pollay was Curator of the History of Advertising Archives, University of British Columbia, when first asked to contribute his historical knowledge in tobacco litigation (Cipollone v Liggett et al, 1988). Over the next 20 years his knowledge of tobacco marketing was shared in many trials and with many governments, and he wrote many articles for peer reviewed journals, US Surgeon General Reports and National Cancer Institute Monographs based upon his own research and access to corporate documents, such as at UCSF. During this time he amassed a collection of over 10,000 examples of cigarette print advertising, as well as brand reels of TV ads from the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Upon his retirement from active teaching, the originals of these materials, believed to be the largest such collection by far, were transferred to the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History at Duke University (Durham, NC). In 2000, Dr. Michael Cummings and Roswell Park Cancer Institute headed up the lengthy process of scanning and indexing the slides of cigarette print advertising, many of which were first housed on the Tobacco Documents Online website and now reside permanently on the LTDL.

  • Some of Professor Pollay's most requested papers on Cigarette Marketing and Advertising are available for download through the Sauder School of Business, University of British Colombia.


  • The Pollay Advertising Collection was added in 2009.


  • Selected television cigarette advertisements were added to our Multimedia Collection in April 2011.
 
Research Collections   Back to Top
 
Includes exemplary documents collected and grouped by various persons and institutions in the course of conducting research on specific topics. Many of these collections were previously hosted by Tobacco Documents Online (TDO). Also includes small collections on the Japan Tobacco International (JTI) smuggling case, plain packaging, and the tobacco industry in the Netherlands.

  • For more information and descriptions of each collection, please access the Research Collections page.


  • The Research Collections were updated in 2013.
 
State of Washington Secondhand Smoke   Back to Top
 
Contains documents from the 1998 lawsuit 'Aviation West Corp. v. Washington State Dept. of Labor and Industries' obtained through a public records request made by Lisa Bero.

In 1993, the State of Washington's Department of Labor and Industry filed proposed indoor air quality regulations. One of the proposed regulations was aimed at eliminating secondhand smoke exposures (referred to in the documents as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)) in private workplaces. Five major cigarette manufacturers (B&W, American Tobacco, Lorillard, Philip Morris and RJ Reynolds) and three Washington businesses brought a suit against the State arguing the regulation on smoking in private workplaces was invalidly enacted. Both trial and appellate courts upheld the regulation.

 
Tobacco DATTA: Depositions and Trial Testimony Archive   Back to Top
 
Tobacco Depositions and Trial Testimony Archive (Tobacco DATTA) contains transcripts and exhibits from tobacco-related litigation, collected from a variety of sources by the Tobacco Research Network, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

  • Transcripts are unedited and in their original form. Some are rough copies and others may be marked as "confidential" although they no longer retain that status.


  • Contains the special collection California Proposition 65 - Secondhand Smoke Litigation. California’s Proposition 65, also known as California’s Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, requires the state to maintain a list of chemicals known to cause cancer or reproductive harm in humans. When hazardous doses of those chemicals are present, companies are required to notify the public, usually in the form of warning labels and signs. Failure to do so can result in a lawsuit. In the 1990s, numerous Prop 65 lawsuits were litigated against the tobacco industry, from which this collection is derived. To access all documents for this collection, search speccoll:"Proposition 65"


  • In addition to transcripts, DATTA contains exhibits from the case United States Department of Justice vs. Philip Morris, et al.


  • A further source of deposition documents can be found in the "Industry-Provided Depositions" special collection within the TDO Research Collections.


  • The DATTA collection was added in September 2004 and updated in 2013.
 
Trinkets & Trash Marketing   Back to Top
 
A project of Rutgers School of Public Health, the Trinkets & Trash Marketing collection contains images of current and historic tobacco products and marketing materials such as advertisements, direct mailings, emails, sweepstakes, and coupon promotions.
http://www.trinketsandtrash.org/
 
UCSF Brown & Williamson   Back to Top
 
Thousands of pages of the Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation documents were donated unsolicited to the UCSF Tobacco Control Archives in 1994. These documents consist primarily of scientific studies on the addictive nature of nicotine and other health effects of tobacco smoke. Brown & Williamson sought to permanently remove the disputed material from the Library with a suit filed in San Francisco Superior Court. The University of California contended that all of the documents were in the public domain and should be available to scholars and other interested parties. On May 25, 1995, the Superior Court ruled that these documents should be made available for public review. Brown & Williamson appealed that decision, and on June 23, 1995, the Court of Appeals refused a temporary restraining order preventing release of the documents. On June 29, the California Supreme Court rejected the company's appeal allowing UCSF to release the documents.

  • For more information on the San Francisco Superior Court suit filed by Brown & Williamson, access the UCSF Tobacco Control Archives Litigation section.


  • The UCSF Brown & Williamson collection was added in July 2002.
 
United States Department of Justice   Back to Top
 
The United States Department of Justice collection is a special collection of documents that defendants in United States v. Philip Morris, et al., No. 99-CV-2296 (D.D.C. filed Sept. 22, 1999), initially withheld from production to the United States on grounds of privilege or other protection. Over the course of numerous privilege challenges by the United States, the defendants withdrew their privilege assertions for many documents and voluntarily produced them in response to the United States' discovery requests. Separately, the court held that a number of documents were not to be protected by attorney-client privilege and the defendants were ordered to produce these documents. This collection includes both voluntarily-produced documents and documents produced subject to court compulsion.

  • The documents considered for this collection were first compared against documents already in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library to avoid duplicates. Thus, the absence of a particular document from this special collection - at least if it is already present in another part of the library - does not indicate whether it was or was not produced in United States v. Philip Morris, et al.

  • Access all US Department of Justice documents

  • See Finding Special Collections on the Search Tips & Tricks page for more information on Special Collections.

  • The United States Department of Justice Collection was added in September 2007.
 
US Smokeless Tobacco (USST)   Back to Top
 

The US Smokeless Tobacco collection contains internal corporate documents from the United States Tobacco Company, the largest manufacturer of moist snuff smokeless tobacco products in the US and producer of the well-known brands, Skoal and Copenhagen. Many of the documents were made available through the Smokeless Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement's provision for public access to company documents. In addition to documents access, the Smokeless Tobacco MSA provides for restrictions on advertisements and brand name sponsorship; prohibition of youth targeting and the use of cartoons; limitations on lobbying practices; bans on youth access to free samples; and payments of millions of dollars over a 10 year period to the National Public Education Foundation. The Smokeless Tobacco MSA can be viewed in its entirety at California's Office of the Attorney General - http://ag.ca.gov/tobacco/ssa.php

  • Many documents were originally scanned by Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) and given to the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library in 2008.


  • The USSTC Collection also contains a small set of documents from the 2007 Wisconsin Smokeless Tobacco class action settlement case, Feuerabend v UST, Inc, regarding product placement and marketing practices. These can be found by searching within the USSTC Collection for usage:Feuerabend.


  • The United States Smokeless Tobacco Company collection was added in July 2008 and updated in August 2009. Documents will be added as they become available.
 
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